For many people a dental check up is a stressful experience, we have established a warm and friendly environment to help to minimise these initial anxieties.
Healthy teeth and gums are a foundation for your smile, and at Greenhithe Dental Centre we encourage regular checkups to maintain optimum oral health . We believe this will result in you having a healthier happier smile for longer.
At each check up appointment we carry out a thorough examination of whole of your mouth, this includes examination of the teeth, gums and tongue along with an oral cancer screen for each patient. We take X-rays if we feel they are clinically necessary
Healthy gums do not bleed; most adults suffer with gum disease at some point. There are 2 main types of gum disease-gingivitis where plaque and bacteria in the mouth cause swollen and red gums, they can bleed when brushing or flossing or even when eating hard foods. This type of gum disease is treatable through daily home maintenance with good tooth brushing and flossing and where needed effective scaling in surgery -please speak to your dentist if you suffer with bleeding gums.
Periodontitis is the more aggressive type of gum disease; along with swollen and bleeding gums the plaque and bacteria cause irreversible damage to the underlying bone. It is the most common cause for tooth loss amongst adults and needs regular treatment and maintenance. Periodontitis is not curable but it is manageable-please speak to your dentist if you suffer with bleeding gums.
Tooth decay is the result of bacteria that are present in the mouth using dietary sugars to create small holes in the tooth’s surface. The rate of decay can be slowed by reducing how much sugar is eaten or drank and also how often. The sugars need to be removed through daily brushing and flossing.
If you have decay in the enamel-the outside hard layer of the tooth, we use high fluoride products to help the tooth try and repair itself, these can be fluoride varnishes, prescribing high fluoride toothpastes or placing fissure sealants which make it easier for you to clean the at risk enamel areas.
When the hole or cavity has reached the dentine-the soft layer under the enamel which makes up the bulk of the tooth, you need to have a filing placed.
Dental amalgam is still widely used as it is strong and long lasting, it does contain mercury however once it is combined with the other materials in the filling it is harmless. There has been research into the safety of amalgam for over 100 years and there is as yet no evidence during enough to show any link between having amalgam filing and medical problems.
In certain situations white fillings are carried out for aesthetic reasons, these give the teeth a more natural appearance. The filling material sticks to the teeth and is strong and long lasting.
The innermost layer of the tooth is the pulp, this is where the nerves of the tooth live, and if the hole gets near or into the pulp you may experience severe pain; there are 2 treatment options when dealing with an infected pulp. Firstly root canal therapy or secondly extraction of the tooth.
Once a cavity has formed in a tooth the pulp decays and becomes infected, this process is irreversible and at this stage you may experience great discomfort. Root canal treatment removes the decayed pulp and, if no treatment is carried out the infection can spread outside of the tooth causing a dental abscess.
Our dentists can provide root canal treatment to stop the spread of infection, we preserve as much of your natural tooth as possible in order to have the best long term results. The techniques are very specific and very sensitive so you may need more than one appointment. Teeth that have had root canal treatment often need a crown to prevent splitting of the tooth and to help improve the end result aesthetically.
I was petrified of having to have root canal treatment but I now realised there was nothing to worry about. My dentist put me at total ease. She is friendly and explained clearly to me all of my treatment options.
I would totally recommend her to all my friends. Thank you.
A crown or onlay is a hat or cap for a tooth; it covers all or part of the tooth to restore its shape, size and strength and can improve its appearance. We recommend placing crowns following root canal therapy in the majority of cases, but crown can also be placed when a very large filling needs to be replaced, to prevent fracture of a tooth, or when the aesthetics of a tooth cannot be improved in any other way.
Bridges have vastly evolved over the past few years, we now placed minimal preparation bridges when replacing a single tooth, as long as the neighbouring teeth are strong enough, they require little or no preparation. If more than one tooth needs to be replaced or an old bridge needs to be replaced, the design would differ please speak you r dentist.
A denture is a removable appliance made of a metal, acrylic, or nylon base that replaces missing teeth. They can replace one single tooth to a whole jaw or full mouth. They are important to restore a natural looking smile, enable comfortable speaking and chewing and also to support your facial muscles so that the lips and cheeks do not sag.
They are worn all day and are taken out at night in order to allow the soft parts of the mouth to dry and rest.
Teeth need to be extracted for a number of reasons whether it be for orthodontic space or following accident or infection, we strive to provide extractions with as little discomfort as possible. You will need a local anaesthetic but once you are numb we reassure you and aim to carry out the procedure with minimal discomfort.
For patients who need specialist extractions-examples are wisdom teeth very close to a nerve, or patients who prefer to be sedated due to anxiety, we can refer to NHS or private clinics.
I have just completed a course of treatment which involved having to have my front tooth removed a denture made and a bridge fitting. During the whole experience the dentist reassured me, acted in a professional manor and understood my fear of having extractions. The dentist and all the dental nurses done an amazing job and I am so happy with the final outcome.
My front teeth now look better than they did before, thank you all so much I can finally smile again.